From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Educational technology, also termed instructional technology, information and communication technology (ICT) in education, EdTech, and learning technology, is “the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources.” A closely related term, e-learning, refers to the use of modern technology, such as computers, digital technology, networked digital devices and associated software and courseware with learning scenarios, worksheets and interactive exercises that facilitate learning.
Educational technology is used by learners and educators in homes, schools (both K-12 and higher education), businesses, and other settings. The term educational technology encompasses both material objects, such as machines and networking hardware, as well as theories such as instructional theory and learning theory. Educational technology is an integral part of society today. Information and communications technology in education refers both to an array of tools and also to the principles for their effective application in learning. Educational technology relies on a broad defini methodologies and techniques, and skills assessments. Examples of these two dimensions are material aspects such as internet-based learning, and educational psychology aspects such as instructional theory, learning theory, media psychology and human performance technology, fields of study that apply theories of human behavior to educational technology.
Although there is some semantic debate, educational “technology” refers to all valid and reliable applied education science, such as equipment, as well as processes and procedures, that are derived from scientific research. As such, educational technology in a given context may refer to theoretical, algorithmic or heuristic processes, and does not necessarily imply physical technology.
This vocabulary is consistent with educational technology as “the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources” and the definition by the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT), which denoted instructional technology as “the theory and practice of design, development, utilization, management, and evaluation of processes and resources for learning.”
Educational technology thus refers to the use of both physical hardware and educational theoretics. It encompasses several domains, including learning theory, computer-based training, online learning, and, where mobile technologies are used, m-learning. Accordingly, there are several discrete aspects to describing the intellectual and technical development of educational technology:
- educational technology as the theory and practice of educational approaches to learning
- educational technology as technological tools and media that assist in the communication of knowledge, and its development and exchange
- educational technology for learning system management (LMS), such as tools for student and curriculum management, and education management information systems (EMIS)
- educational technology itself as an educational subject; such courses may be called “Computer Studies” or “Information and Communication Technology (ICT)”.